UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

  

  þ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018

 

OR

 

  ¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                to

 

 

 

Commission File Number: 001-37619

 

 

 

Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

British Columbia, Canada N/A
(State or other jurisdiction of (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization) Identification No.)
   
332 E. Scott Street  
Port Hueneme, California 93041
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (805) 488-2800

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  x    No  ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  x    No  ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

  Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer ¨
  Non-accelerated filer x Smaller reporting company ¨
    Emerging growth company x

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes  ¨    No  x

 

As of May 7, 2018, the registrant had 1,502,870 common shares issued and outstanding. This amount reflects the one for seven reverse split of the registrant’s outstanding common shares effected May 4, 2018.

 

All historical references to common shares, warrants and share options outstanding prior to May 4, 2018 and the related exercise prices in this Form 10-Q have been adjusted to reflect the effect of the one for seven reverse split, effected at the close of market on May 4, 2018.

 

 

 

   

 

 

Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc.

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2018

 

Table of Contents

 

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION 3
Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited). 3
Condensed Interim Consolidated Balance Sheets – March 31, 2018 and September 30, 2017 3
Condensed Interim Consolidated Statements of Operations – Six Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 4
Condensed Interim Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows – Six Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 5
Notes to Condensed Interim Consolidated Financial Statements 6
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. 13
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk. 16
Item 4. Controls and Procedures. 16
   
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION 17
Item 1. Legal Proceedings. 17
Item 1A. Risk Factors. 17
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds. 17
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities. 17
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures. 17
Item 5. Other Information. 17
Item 6. Exhibits. 17

 

 

 2 

 

 

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements.

 

Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc.

Condensed Interim Consolidated Balance Sheets 

(Unaudited)

    March 31,     September 30,  
    2018     2017  
             
Assets:                
                 
Current assets:                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 3,293,010     $ 4,570,951  
Accounts receivable     62,798       1,287  
Short-term investments     499,623       1,994,401  
Inventory     205,364       68,114  
Prepaid and other assets     209,980       123,694  
                 
Total current assets     4,270,775       6,758,447  
                 
Noncurrent assets:                
                 
Equity investment in joint venture     66,695       66,695  
Property, plant and equipment, net     976,936       879,523  
Deposits     15,340       15,340  
                 
Total noncurrent assets     1,058,971       961,558  
                 
Total Assets   $ 5,329,746     $ 7,720,005  
                 
Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity:                
                 
Current liabilities:                
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   $ 589,793     $ 320,947  
                 
Total Current Liabilities     589,793       320,947  
                 
Commitments (Note 7)                
                 
Shareholders' equity:                
Common shares, unlimited common shares authorized,                
no par value, 1,502,870 issued and outstanding                
at March 31, 2018 and September 30, 2017     48,351,701       48,351,701  
Accumulated share-based compensation     4,533,568       4,439,400  
Accumulated deficit     (48,145,316 )     (45,392,043 )
                 
Total Shareholders' Equity     4,739,953       7,399,058  
                 
Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity   $ 5,329,746     $ 7,720,005  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed interim consolidated financial statements.

 

 3 

 

 

Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc.

Condensed Interim Consolidated Statements of Operations 

(Unaudited)

   Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended 
   March 31,   March 31,   March 31,   March 31, 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
                 
Revenues:                    
Product sales  $64,052   $13,019   $84,539   $154,875 
Contract services revenue   -    50,000    -    50,000 
                     
    64,052    63,019    84,539    204,875 
                     
Expenses:                    
Cost of sales and contract services   65,623    71,443    68,424    150,008 
Costs of aquaculture   74,424    63,402    172,474    148,237 
Research and development   493,873    329,371    1,124,907    790,236 
General and administrative   773,989    746,360    1,452,470    1,678,427 
                     
    1,407,909    1,210,576    2,818,275    2,766,908 
                     
Loss from Operations   (1,343,857)   (1,147,557)   (2,733,736)   (2,562,033)
                     
Other Income (Loss)                    
Foreign exchange loss   (16,218)   35,227    (34,147)   (42,163)
Investment income   7,548    8,653    15,410    15,647 
                     
    (8,670)   43,880    (18,737)   (26,516)
                     
Loss Before Income Tax   (1,352,527)   (1,103,677)   (2,752,473)   (2,588,549)
                     
Income tax expense   -    -    800    800 
                     
Net Loss  $(1,352,527)  $(1,103,677)  $(2,753,273)  $(2,589,349)
                     
Loss per common share:                    
Basic and diluted  $(0.90)  $(0.76)  $(1.83)  $(1.79)
                     
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:                    
Basic and diluted   1,502,870    1,448,036    1,502,870    1,448,036 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed interim consolidated financial statements.

 

 4 

 

 

Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc.

Condensed Interim Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows 

(Unaudited)

 

   Six Months Ended 
   March 31,   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Cash Flows Used In Operating Activities:          
Net loss  $(2,753,273)  $(2,589,349)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   95,894    90,720 
Share-based compensation   94,168    64,794 
Foreign exchange loss   34,147    42,163 
Transfer of equipment to research and development expense   12,419    - 
           
Changes in working capital items:          
Accounts receivable   (61,549)   19,899 
Inventory   (137,250)   (61,144)
Prepaid and other assets   (86,269)   (18,053)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   268,845    (190,227)
           
Net cash used in operating activities   (2,532,868)   (2,641,197)
           
Cash Flows From Investing Activities:          
Acquisition of property, plant and equipment   (205,891)   (126,876)
Purchase of short-term investments   (505,222)   (2,005,570)
Proceeds on sales and maturities of short-term investments   2,000,000    2,000,000 
           
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   1,288,887    (132,446)
           
           
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents   (33,960)   (42,039)
           
Net change in cash and cash equivalents   (1,277,941)   (2,815,682)
Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period   4,570,951    7,416,904 
Cash and cash equivalents - end of period  $3,293,010   $4,601,222 
           
Cash (demand deposits)  $2,788,805   $850,224 
Cash equivalents   504,205    3,750,998 
           
Cash and cash equivalents  $3,293,010   $4,601,222 
           
Supplemental cash flow information:          
           
Cash paid during the period for taxes  $800   $800 

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed interim consolidated financial statements.

 

 5 

 

 

Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

1. Nature of Operations

 

Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc. (the Company) is organized under the laws of British Columbia, Canada. The Company’s business is the aquaculture, research and development, manufacture and commercialization of Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin (KLH). The Company markets and distributes its KLH products to biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies, academic institutions, and clinical research organizations primarily in Europe, Asia, and the United States. The Company’s common shares have been listed for trading on The Nasdaq Capital Market in the United States under the symbol “SBOT” since November 5, 2015.

 

In April 2010, the Company changed its name from CAG Capital, Inc. to Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc. and completed a reverse merger transaction with Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc., a California corporation, which was founded in September 1999, and remains the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary and principal operating entity. In January 2017, the California subsidiary and the Company established a wholly-owned Mexican subsidiary under the name BioEstelar, S.A. de C.V. in Ensenada, Baja California to perform aquaculture research and development activities in Mexico. The Company’s executive offices are located at 332 E. Scott Street, Port Hueneme, California, 93041, USA, and its registered and records office is 1500 Royal Centre, 1055 West Georgia Street, Vancouver, BC, V6E 4N7, Canada.

 

Management Plans and Going Concern

 

Company operations have historically been funded by the issuance of common shares, exercise of warrants, grant revenues, contract services revenue and product sales. For the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company reported net losses of approximately $2.8 million and $2.6 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had an accumulated deficit of approximately $48.1 million and working capital of approximately $3.7 million. While the Company plans to finance company operations in the near term with cash on hand and product sales, management expects to continue incurring losses for the foreseeable future. Management is taking action to adjust planned expenditures based on a number of factors including the size and timing of capital expenditures, staffing levels, inventory levels, and the status of customer clinical trials. Management also seeks to expand the customer base for existing marketed products, and intends to secure additional financing through debt and/or equity financings, including transactions with strategic customers and partners that may include debt and/or equity arrangements. However, without raising additional capital to pursue our business plan, there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern beyond one year from the date of the issuance of the Company’s financial statements in this Form 10-Q.

 

2. Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (U.S. GAAP) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q. They do not include all information and footnotes necessary for a fair presentation of financial position, results of operations and cash flows in conformity with U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. These condensed interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017.

 

The accompanying condensed interim consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc., a California corporation in the U.S. and BioEstelar, S.A. de C.V. a Baja California corporation in Mexico. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments and accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations for the period presented have been included in the interim period. Operating results for the six months ended March 31, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for other interim periods or the fiscal year ending September 30, 2018. The condensed interim consolidated financial data at September 30, 2017 is derived from audited financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017, as filed on December 1, 2017 with the SEC.

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP for interim financial information requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

Functional Currency

 

The condensed interim consolidated financial statements of the Company are presented in U.S. dollars, unless otherwise stated, which is the Company’s functional currency.

  

3. Investments

 

Short-term investments consisted of U.S. Treasury Bills at March 31, 2018 and September 30, 2017.

 

U.S. Treasury Bills are carried at amortized cost which approximates fair value and are classified as held-to-maturity investments.

 

 6 

 

 

Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

4. Inventory

 

Raw materials include inventory of manufacturing supplies. Work in process includes manufacturing supplies, direct and indirect labor, contracted manufacturing and testing, and allocated manufacturing overhead for inventory in process at the end of the period. Finished goods include products that are complete and available for sale. At March 31, 2018 and September 30, 2017, the Company recorded work in process and finished goods inventory only for those products with recent sales levels to evaluate net realizable value.

 

Inventory consisted of the following:

 

   March 31,   September 30, 
   2018   2017 
         
Raw materials  $35,514   $21,761 
Work in process   69,100    - 
Finished goods   100,750    46,353 
           
   $205,364   $68,114 

 

5. Property, Plant and Equipment, net

 

Property, plant and equipment, net consisted of the following:

 

   March 31,   September 30, 
   2018   2017 
         
Aquaculture system  $126,257   $126,257 
Laboratory facilities   62,033    62,033 
Computer and office equipment   119,199    117,840 
Manufacturing and laboratory equipment   1,039,643    982,439 
Vehicles   77,994    77,994 
Leasehold improvements   342,935    337,060 
    1,768,061    1,703,623 
Less: accumulated depreciation   (1,054,907)   (969,418)
           
Depreciable assets, net   713,154    734,205 
Construction in progress   263,782    145,318 
           
   $976,936   $879,523 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense amounted to approximately $96,000 and $91.000 for the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

6. Commitments

 

Operating leases

 

The Company leases buildings and facilities used in its operations under two sublease agreements. In June 2015, the Company exercised its option to extend these sublease agreements for an additional five-year term beginning in October and November 2015. The Company negotiated an option to extend the leases for two additional five-year terms.

 

The Company leases facilities used for executive offices and laboratories and pays a portion of the common area maintenance. In July 2016, the Company extended this lease for a two-year term, with options to renew for three successive two-year terms.

 

The Company leases undeveloped land in Baja California, Mexico to assess the potential development of an additional aquaculture locale and expansion of production. The lease term was three years from June 2015 with options to extend the lease for 30 years. In February 2018, the lease term was extended for two years without further rent payments. The Company may terminate early with 30 days’ notice. The rent has been prepaid through June 2018, and is not included in the future minimum lease payments below. The Company has a related agreement with the lessor to collaborate on the design, expansion and development of marine aquaculture resources and KLH production facilities on the leased property. Under that agreement, the Company was responsible for certain leasehold improvements including construction of structures and a power-generating facility, which are owned by the Company. The Company reimburses the lessor for local operational support. The collaboration agreement expires in June 2018, unless terminated earlier.

 

 7 

 

 

Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

Aggregate future minimum lease payments at March 31, 2018 are as follows:

 

Six Months Ending September 30, 2018     71,000  
Year Ending September 30, 2019     106,000  
Year Ending September 30, 2020     106,000  
Year Ending September 30, 2021     6,000  
         
    $ 289,000  

  

Rent expense on these lease agreements amounted to approximately $120,000 and $119,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Purchase obligations

 

The Company has commitments totaling approximately $153,000 at March 31, 2018 for signed agreements with contract research organizations, consultants, construction contractors and equipment suppliers. All purchase obligations are expected to be fulfilled within the next 12 months.

 

Supply agreements

 

The Company has commitments under supply agreements with customers for fixed prices per gram of KLH in connection with clinical trials on a non-exclusive basis except within that customer’s field of use. The expiration dates of these supply agreements range from October 2019 to February 2022, and are generally renewable upon written request of the customer.

 

Joint venture agreement

 

In May 2016, the Company entered into a joint venture agreement with another party for the formation of a joint venture company to manufacture and sell conjugated therapeutic vaccines. The joint venture is organized as a French simplified corporation.

 

The Company holds a 30% equity interest in the joint venture in exchange for an initial capital contribution of €120,000. One-half of the initial contribution, approximately $67,000, was paid during the year ended September 30, 2016 with the balance due upon the occurrence of certain defined future events. The Company will also provide the joint venture additional financing as may be required, on a pro rata basis in line with our equity interest. According to the joint venture agreement, if certain milestones were not achieved by December 31, 2017, the joint venture would be dissolved, unless (i) the parties mutually agree to pursue the joint venture arrangement, or (ii) either party decides to purchase the equity interests of the other party. In February 2018, the parties renewed and amended the joint venture agreement to extend this deadline to December 31, 2018. Each of the parties is entitled, upon the occurrence of certain defined events, to acquire the interest of the other party. Except as described herein, the joint venture has an initial ten-year term, renewable for successive five-year terms. If either party provides notice at least six months prior to the expiration date of an applicable term that it does not wish to continue its participation in the joint venture, the other party will have a right to acquire all of such terminating party’s equity interests in the joint venture.

 

In connection with the formation of the joint venture and the execution of its strategy, the parties intend over time to enter into an exclusive supply agreement within a limited field of use for Stellar to supply KLH to the joint venture, a supply agreement designating the joint venture as the exclusive manufacturer and supplier of the other party’s vaccines, and services agreements for the provision of various knowledge and expertise by each of the parties.

 

Licensing agreement and technology transfer agreement

 

In July 2013, the Company acquired the exclusive, worldwide license to certain patented technology for the development of human immunotherapies against Clostridium difficile infection (C. diff) under a written agreement (the License Agreement) with a University (the Licensor) which required payments of license fees, patent cost reimbursements and other contingent fees. In March 2017, (i) the Company entered into an agreement to terminate the License Agreement, (ii) the Company concurrently entered into a technology transfer and purchase agreement (the Transfer Agreement) with a vaccine biotechnology company (the Transferee), and (iii) the Licensor and Transferee entered into a direct licensing arrangement relating to the patented C. diff technology. Under the Transfer Agreement, the Company transferred to the Transferee its proprietary rights and know-how of immunogens and vaccine technology for C. diff, in exchange for an upfront payment and a percentage of future fees, milestone payments, sublicensing income and royalties, if any, paid by the Transferee or its assigns to the Licensor.

 

As a result of the termination of the License Agreement, there are no early termination penalties and no further annual licensing fees, contingent milestone payments, royalties, sub-licensing fees or other financial obligations payable by the Company to the Licensor. 

 

 8 

 

 

Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

Retirement savings plan 401(k) contributions

 

The Company sponsors a 401(k) retirement savings plan that requires an annual non-elective safe harbor employer contribution of 3% of eligible employee wages. All employees over 21 years of age are eligible beginning the first payroll after 3 consecutive months of employment. Employees are 100% vested in employer contributions and in any voluntary employee contributions. Contributions to the 401(k) plan were approximately $38,000 and $32,000 for each of the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Related party commitments

 

On August 14, 2002, through its California subsidiary, the Company entered into a patent royalty agreement with a director and officer of the Company, whereby he would receive royalty payments in exchange for assignment of his patent rights to the Company. The royalty is 5% of gross receipts from products using this invention in excess of $500,000 annually. The Company’s current operations utilize this invention. There was no royalty expense incurred during the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

7. Share Capital

 

On May 4, 2018, the Company effected a share consolidation (reverse split) of the Company's common shares at a ratio of 1-for-7. As a result of the reverse split, every seven shares of the issued and outstanding common shares, without par value, consolidated into one newly-issued outstanding common share, without par value. Each fractional share remaining after the reverse split that was less than one-half of a share was cancelled and each fractional share that was at least one-half of a share was changed to one whole share. The reverse split reduced the number of common shares outstanding from 10,520,096 to 1,502,870 after fractional share rounding. The number of warrants and options were proportionately adjusted by the split ratio and the exercise prices correspondingly increased by the same split ratio. All shares and exercise prices are presented on a post-split basis in these condensed interim consolidated financial statements.

 

Black-Scholes option valuation model

 

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option valuation model to determine the fair value of warrants and share options. Option valuation models require the input of highly subjective assumptions including the expected price volatility. The Company has used historical volatility to estimate the volatility of the share price. Changes in the subjective input assumptions can materially affect the fair value estimates, and therefore the existing models do not necessarily provide a reliable single measure of the fair value of the Company’s warrants and share options.

 

Warrants

 

There were 180,805 warrants outstanding at March 31, 2018 with an exercise price of $31.50 and expiry date of January 6, 2022. There were no warrants granted or exercised during the period from September 30, 2016 to March 31, 2018.

 

The weighted average contractual life remaining on the outstanding warrants at March 31, 2018 is 45 months.

 

Share Options

 

The Company has an incentive compensation plan adopted in 2017 (the Incentive Plan) administered by the Board of Directors, which amended and restated the 2013 fixed share option plan. Options, restricted shares and restricted share units are eligible for grants under the Incentive Plan. The number of shares available for issuance under the Incentive Plan is 228,143, including shares available for the exercise of outstanding options under the 2013 fixed share option plan. No restricted shares or restricted share units have been granted as of March 31, 2018.

 

The exercise price of an option is set at the closing price of the Company’s common shares on the date of grant. Share options granted to directors, officers, employees and certain individual consultants for past service are subject to the following vesting schedule: (a) one-third shall vest immediately, (b) one-third shall vest at 12 months from the date of grant and (c) one-third shall vest at 18 months from the date of grant.

 

Share options granted to directors, officers, employees and certain individual consultants for future service are subject to the following vesting schedule: (x) one-third shall vest at 12 months from the date of grant, (y) one-third shall vest at 24 months from the date of grant and (z) one-third shall vest at 36 months from the date of grant.

 

Share options granted to certain individual investor relations consultants are subject to the following vesting schedule: (aa) 25% shall vest at 3 months from the date of grant, (bb) 25% shall vest at 6 months from the date of grant, (cc) 25% shall vest at 12 months from the date of grant and (dd) 25% shall vest at 15 months from the date of grant.

 

 9 

 

 

Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

Options have been granted under the Incentive Plan allowing the holders to purchase common shares of the Company as follows:

 

    Number of
Options
    Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
     
                 
Balance - September 30, 2016     77,015     $ 37.03      
                     
Granted     10,229       13.23      
Expired     (4,033 )     77.98      
Expired     (24,500 )     20.30     CDN $
                     
Balance - September 30, 2017     58,711     $ 40.18      
                     
Granted     29,426       5.88      
Expired     (1,671 )     112.56      
Expired     (5,679 )     36.19     CDN $
                     
Balance - March 31, 2018     80,787     $ 26.46      

 

The weighted average contractual life remaining on the outstanding options is 50 months.

 

The following table summarizes information about the options under the Incentive Plan outstanding and exercisable at March 31, 2018:

 

Number of
Options
    Exercisable at
March 31, 2018
    Range of exercise prices   Expiry Dates
  13,479       13,479      CDN$15.00 - 35.00   Apr 2019-Dec 2019
  40,641       15,859      $5.00 - 20.00   Sep 2023-Mar 2025
  17,265       17,265      CDN$40.00 - 70.00   Aug 2018-Jun 2022
  2,114       2,114      $50.00 - 60.00   Dec 2022
  3,073       3,073      CDN$105.00 - 140.00   Nov 2018-Nov 2021
  4,215       4,215      $120.00 - 130.00   Nov 2020
  80,787       56,005          

 

The estimated fair value of the share options granted during the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 was determined using a Black-Scholes option valuation model with the following weighted average assumptions:

 

   Six Months Ended  
   March 31,   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
Risk free interest rate   2.13%   1.44%
Expected life (years)   7.00    7.00 
Expected share price volatility   155%   166%
Expected dividend yield   0%   0%

  

The weighted average fair value of share options granted during the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 was $5.67 and $12.88, respectively.

 

As of March 31, 2018, the Company had approximately $137,000 of unrecognized share-based compensation expense, which is expected to be recognized over a period of 34 months.

 

There were no options exercised during the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017. There was no intrinsic value of the vested options at March 31, 2018.

 

8. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company uses the fair value measurement framework for valuing financial assets and liabilities measured on a recurring basis in situations where other accounting pronouncements either permit or require fair value measurements.

 

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Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

Fair value of a financial instrument is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The carrying value of certain financial instruments such as accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, and deferred revenue approximates fair value due to the short-term nature of such instruments. Short-term investments in U.S. Treasury Bills are recorded at amortized cost, which approximates fair value.

 

The Company follows the fair value hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. There are three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

  Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets for identical or similar assets and liabilities. 
  Level 2: Quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active or observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical or similar assets and liabilities. 
  Level 3: Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. 

 

The Company reports its short-term investments in U.S. Treasury Bills at fair value using Level 1 inputs in the fair value hierarchy.

 

The following table summarizes fair values for those assets and liabilities with fair value measured on a recurring basis.

 

   Fair Value Measurements Using     
   Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Instruments
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
   Total Fair Value 
March 31, 2018                    
Assets                    
Short-term investments in U.S. Treasury Bills  $499,623   $-   $-   $499,623 
                     
September 30, 2017                    
Assets                    
Short-term investments in U.S. Treasury Bills  $1,994,401   $-   $-   $1,994,401 

 

9. Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

Credit risk is the risk of an unexpected loss if a customer or third party to a financial instrument fails to meet its contractual obligations. Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to a concentration of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, U.S Treasury Bills, and accounts receivable. The Company estimates its maximum credit risk at the amount recorded on the balance sheet.

 

Management’s assessment of the Company’s credit risk for cash and cash equivalents is low as they are held in major financial institutions believed to be credit worthy or U.S. Treasury Bills with maturities of 90 days or less. The Company limits its exposure to credit loss for short-term investments by holding U.S. Treasury Bills with maturities of 1 year or less. Based on credit monitoring and history, the Company considers the risk of credit losses due to customer non-performance on accounts receivable to be low.

 

The Company had the following concentrations of revenues by customers, each of which accounted for more than 10% of revenues in the applicable period:

 

    Six Months Ended  
    March 31,     March 31,  
    2018     2017  
                 
Product sales and contract services revenue     72% from
2 customers
      88% from
2 customers
 

 

The Company had the following concentrations of revenues by geographic areas:

 

   Six Months Ended 
   March 31,   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
North America   81%   29%
Europe   19%   71%

 

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Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

The Company had the following concentrations of accounts receivable from its customers, each of which accounted for more than 10% in the applicable period:

 

    March 31,  
    2018  
         
Accounts receivable     67% from
2 customers
 

 

There were no customer accounts receivable at September 30, 2017.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed interim consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as of March 31, 2018 and our audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended September 30, 2017 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 1, 2017.

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements. When used in this report, the words “expects,” “anticipates,” “suggests,” “believes,” “intends,” “estimates,” “plans,” “projects,” “continue,” “ongoing,” “potential,” “expect,” “predict,” “believe,” “intend,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “would” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements for many reasons, including the risks described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2017 and other reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, they relate only to events as of the date on which the statements are made. We do not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this report to conform these statements to actual results or to changes in our expectations, except as required by law.

 

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our unaudited condensed interim consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2018 and September 30, 2017, and for the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, which we have prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate such estimates and judgments, including those described in greater detail below. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

Overview

 

Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc. is a biotechnology company engaged in the aquaculture, research and development, manufacture and commercialization of Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin (KLH). KLH is an immune-stimulating protein with an extensive history of safe and effective use in immunological applications.

 

Immunotherapies (also known as therapeutic vaccines) are an emerging class of treatments that involve using the body’s own immune system to target and treat disease. Today, multiple companies and institutions are developing drugs that combine disease-targeting agents with KLH. These disease-targeting agents do not evoke a robust immune response by themselves and thus require a carrier molecule like KLH.

 

The versatility of the KLH molecule and its use in multiple drug development pipelines provide numerous commercial opportunities for us. The successful commercialization of one or more drug development pipelines, especially in a major indication, could have a significant impact on the industry’s ability to produce sufficient quantities of KLH. The protein is derived only from the Giant Keyhole Limpet, a scarce ocean mollusk that is native to a limited stretch of Pacific Ocean coastline. Due in part to the inherent limitations of utilizing wild sources of KLH, we believe that aquaculture production methods, like the methods we practice, will be required to provide scalable, fully traceable supplies of KLH.

 

We produce clinical grade KLH using Current Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) and market and sell our KLH products under the brand Stellar KLH. Our customers and partners include multinational biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies, academic institutions, clinical research organizations and research centers. We have multiple agreements to license and supply Stellar KLH and other technology in exchange for fees, revenues or royalties. Our customers manage and fund all product development and regulatory submissions for their respective drug products that utilize our KLH protein. 

 

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Recent Developments

 

Neostell Joint Venture

 

In May 2016, we entered into a joint venture agreement with Neovacs S.A, a Paris-based biotechnology company, for the formation of a joint venture company to manufacture and sell conjugated therapeutic vaccines.  In July 2016, Neostell S.A.S., a French simplified stock corporation (Neostell), was formed to carry out the business of the joint venture.  Neostell is expected to produce Neovacs’ product candidates that utilize Stellar KLH as a carrier molecule and may also manufacture and sell other KLH-based immunotherapy products for third-party customers. We hold a 30% equity interest in the joint venture in exchange for an initial capital contribution of €120,000. One-half of the initial contribution, approximately $67,000, was paid in June 2016 with the balance due upon the occurrence of certain defined future events. We will also provide additional financing to Neostell, as may be required, on a pro rata basis in line with our equity interest. According to the joint venture agreement, if certain milestones were not achieved by December 31, 2017, Neostell would be dissolved, unless the parties mutually agree to pursue the joint venture arrangement, or either party decides to purchase the equity interests of the other party. In February 2018, the parties renewed and amended the joint venture agreement to extend this deadline to December 31, 2018.

 

Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

For a discussion of our significant accounting policies and estimates, refer to Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on December 1, 2017. There are no material changes in our significant accounting policies and estimates from the disclosure provided in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017.

 

Results of Operations

 

Comparison of Six Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017

 

Our total revenues decreased by $0.12 million to $0.08 million for the six months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $0.20 million for the same period last year due to a decrease in our product sales. While our customer base has not changed significantly, product sales volumes are subject to variability associated with the rate of development and progression of clinical studies of third-party products that utilize Stellar KLH. The rate of progression toward later stage studies is expected to continue to affect the timing and volume of future product sales. During both periods, product mix was similar, consisting of various grades of KLH for clinical and pre-clinical studies and immune system assays.

  

Our total expenses increased by $0.05 million to $2.82 million for the six months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $2.77 million for the same period last year:

 

  · Our cost of sales and contract services decreased by $0.08 million to $0.07 million for the six months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $0.15 million for the same period last year primarily due to decreased product sales volume as well as reduced expenses related to sales of KLH that was produced as a byproduct of our research and development activities.

 

  · Our research and development expenses increased by $0.33 million to $1.12 million for the six months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $0.79 million for the same period last year. The increase was primarily due to research and development activities intended to increase the scalability and throughput capacity of existing manufacturing systems, including engineering lots of KLH produced under our optimization initiative. Additional research and development in aquaculture as well as process, analytical and product formulation development also contributed to the increase.

 

  · Our general and administrative expenses decreased by $0.23 million to $1.45 million for the six months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $1.68 million for the same period last year primarily due to management’s continued actions to reduce corporate expenses, including salaries, professional fees and travel, as well as lower legal fees and public company expenses.

 

Our total other income (loss) decreased by $0.01 million to an overall loss of $0.02 million for the six months ended March 31, 2018 compared to an overall loss of $0.03 million for the same period last year. Foreign exchange loss was $0.03 million for the six months ended March 31, 2018 compared to a loss of $0.04 million for the same period last year due to fluctuations in exchange rates and decreased amounts held in Canadian cash and cash equivalents.

 

Our net loss for the six months ended March 31, 2018 was $2.75 million, or $1.83 per basic share, compared to a net loss of $2.59 million, or $1.79 per basic share, for the six months ended March 31, 2017.

 

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Comparison of Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017

 

Our total revenues were relatively unchanged at $0.06 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to the same period last year. Product sales increased by $0.05 million to $0.06 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $0.01 million for the same period last year. While our customer base has not changed significantly, product sales volumes are subject to variability associated with the rate of development and progression of clinical studies of third-party products that utilize Stellar KLH. The rate of progression toward later stage studies is expected to continue to affect the timing and volume of future product sales. During both periods, product mix was similar, consisting of various grades of KLH for clinical and pre-clinical studies and immune system assays. We had no contract services revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $0.05 million for the same period last year due to the completion of a technology transfer in the prior period.

 

Our total expenses increased by $0.20 million to $1.41 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $1.21 million for the same period last year:

 

  · Our cost of sales and contract services was relatively unchanged at $0.07 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to the same period last year. Increased costs associated with higher product sales volume and an initial GMP lot produced under our optimization initiative were offset by reduced expenses related to sales of KLH that was produced as a byproduct of our research and development activities.

 

  · Our research and development expenses increased by $0.16 million to $0.49 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $0.33 million for the same period last year. The increase was primarily due to research and development activities intended to increase the scalability and throughput capacity of existing manufacturing systems, including engineering lots of KLH produced under our optimization initiative. Additional research and development in aquaculture as well as process, analytical and product formulation development also contributed to the increase.

 

  · Our general and administrative expenses increased by $0.03 million to $0.77 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $0.75 million for the same period last year primarily due a noncash share-based compensation expense in the most recent quarter which was partially offset by reduced corporate expenses, including salaries, professional fees and travel, as well as lower legal fees and public company expenses.

 

Our total other income (loss) decreased by $0.05 million to an overall loss of $0.01 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to an overall gain of $0.04 million for the same period last year. Foreign exchange loss was $0.02 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to a gain of $0.04 million for the same period last year due to fluctuations in exchange rates and decreased amounts held in Canadian cash and cash equivalents.

 

Our net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2018 was $1.35 million, or $0.90 per basic share, compared to a net loss of $1.10 million, or $0.76 per basic share, for the three months ended March 31, 2017.

 

Capital Expenditures

 

Our capital expenditures, which primarily consist of scientific, manufacturing, and aquaculture equipment, and facility leasehold improvements were $205,891 and $126,876 for the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The increase was due primary to an increase in construction in progress related to the construction of renovated ocean-front space for aquaculture production and related activities at our facility located at the Port of Hueneme. We expect to continue investing in capital expenditures in the future as we prepare our core aquaculture infrastructure for expanded capacity as we deem appropriate based on third party clinical milestones and market conditions.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Company operations have historically been funded by the issuance of common shares, exercise of warrants, grant revenues, contract services revenue and product sales. For the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company reported net losses of approximately $2.75 million and $2.59 million, respectively. While the Company plans to finance company operations in the near term with cash on hand and product sales, management expects to continue incurring losses for the foreseeable future. Management is taking action to adjust planned expenditures based on a number of factors including the size and timing of capital expenditures, staffing levels, inventory levels, and the status of customer clinical trials. Management also seeks to expand the customer base for existing marketed products, and intends to secure additional financing through debt and/or equity financings, including transactions with strategic customers and partners that may include debt and/or equity arrangements. We have not secured any commitment for new financing at this time, nor can we provide any assurance that new financing will be available on commercially acceptable terms, if needed.

 

At March 31, 2018, the Company had cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments in U.S. Treasury Bills of approximately $3.79 million, working capital of approximately $3.68 million, shareholders’ equity of approximately $4.74 million and an accumulated deficit of approximately $48.15 million. Without raising additional capital to pursue our business plan, there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern beyond one year from the date of the issuance of the Company’s financial statements in this Form 10-Q.

 

Geographic Concentrations

 

We primarily market and distribute our products directly to biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies, academic institutions, clinical research organizations and research centers. Products are shipped to our customers from our facilities in Port Hueneme, California using a common carrier chosen by the customer. The geographic markets of our customers are principally Europe, Asia and North America. We had the following concentrations of revenues by geographic areas:

 

   Six Months Ended 
   March 31,   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
North America   81%   29%
Europe   19%   71%

 

The geographic concentration of our product sales revenue fluctuates quarter over quarter, sometimes significantly, depending on the volume of sales from our customers in each of our principal geographic markets.

 

Research and Development

 

Our core business is developing and commercializing Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin for use in immunotherapy and immunodiagnostic applications. Our internal research has included, among other activities, continual improvement of methods for the culture and growth of Giant Keyhole Limpet, innovations in aquaculture systems and infrastructure, biophysical and biochemical characterization of the KLH molecule, analytical processes to enhance performance of our products, KLH manufacturing process improvements, new KLH formulations, and early development of potential new KLH-based immunotherapies.

 

Research and development costs, including (i) materials, (ii) KLH designated for internal research use only and (iii) salaries of employees directly involved in research and development efforts, are expensed as incurred. From time to time, we produce saleable KLH as a byproduct of our research and development activities. The cost of this KLH is not assigned to inventory.

 

Our research and development costs were $1,124,907 and $790,236 for the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

The increase from the comparable period was primarily due to research and development activities intended to increase the scalability and throughput capacity of existing manufacturing systems, including engineering lots of KLH produced under our optimization initiative.

 

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Disclosure of Contractual Obligations

 

We currently lease 4,300 square feet of executive office and laboratory space in Port Hueneme, California under a lease which was renewed in July 2016 for a two-year term, with options to renew for three successive two-year terms.

 

Our aquaculture and KLH manufacturing operations are located on approximately 37,000 square feet of oceanfront land in the Port Hueneme Aquaculture Business Park. Our facilities here include specialized aquaculture infrastructure, seawater supply and discharge systems, laboratories, manufacturing and administrative offices. We have two sublease agreements which expire in September and October 2020, respectively, with options to extend the leases for two additional five-year terms.

 

We also currently lease undeveloped land in Baja California, Mexico under a lease agreement which we entered into in June 2015, with a three-year term, which lease agreement may be terminated at will at any time with 30 days prior notice by either party. In February 2018, the lease term was extended for two years without further rent payments. We are utilizing the undeveloped land to conduct suitability studies for the potential development of an additional aquaculture locale and future expansion of production. We also have a short-term lease for office space in a business center located in Ensenada, Baja California. This office serves as the administrative headquarters of our BioEstelar subsidiary.

 

We have purchase commitments for contract research organizations, consultants, construction contractors and equipment suppliers.

 

There have been no material changes in our contractual obligations previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017, as filed with the SEC on December 1, 2017.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future material effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

We are exposed to financial market risks associated with foreign exchange rates, concentration of credit, and liquidity. In accordance with our policies, we manage our exposure to various market-based risks and, where material, these risks are reviewed and monitored by our Board of Directors. For a discussion of our market risk exposure, refer to Item 7A, “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk,” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017, as filed with the SEC on December 1, 2017. There are no material changes in market risk from the disclosure provided in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures to provide reasonable assurance that material information related to our Company, including our consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to senior management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, by others within those entities on a timely basis so that appropriate decisions can be made regarding public disclosure.

 

We carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Principal Executive Officer and our Principal Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of March 31, 2018. Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures, as of March 31, 2018, were effective.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

 

From time to time, we may be involved in legal proceedings, claims and litigation arising in the ordinary course of business. We are not currently a party to any material legal proceedings or claims outside the ordinary course of business. Regardless of outcome, litigation can have an adverse impact on us because of defense and settlement costs, diversion of management resources and other factors.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.  

 

None.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

None.

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information.

 

None.

 

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

The Exhibits listed in the Exhibit Index immediately preceding such Exhibits are filed with or incorporated by reference in this Quarterly Report.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

Date: May 7, 2018 STELLAR BIOTECHNOLOGIES, INC.
   
  /s/ Kathi Niffenegger
  Kathi Niffenegger
  Chief Financial Officer
  (Principal Financial Officer and Duly Authorized Officer)

 

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EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit
Number
  Description
     
31.1   Certification of the Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
31.2   Certification of the Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
32.1   Certification of the Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. (*)
     
32.2   Certification of the Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. (*)
     
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
     
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase Document
     
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
     
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase Document
     
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase Document

 

*A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to the Company and will be retained by the Company and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

 

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